Since then Tuscany has been renowned as the home of olive tree cultivation with many of the laws regulating the cultivation and commerce of oil still followed today.
Around 1100 AD, olive groves again began to flourish. By 1400, Italy had become the greatest producer of olive oil in the world, offering extraordinary oil that graced Renaissance tables across Europe. And while olive oil production slowed briefly during the late 1600s due to taxation issues, in the long run it continued to grow through the century as civilization spread around the globe.
The Franciscan missionaries first brought the first olive trees to the new world in 1700 AD. One hundred years later, olive oil made its commercial debut in the Americas as Italian and Greek immigrants began demanding its import from Europe. Initially an ethnic specialty, olive oil was soon embraced by mainstream American cooks. Now, in the 21st century, olive oil continues to grow in popularity, and plays a part in cuisines of virtually every culture. There are over 800 million olive trees in the world today with more being planted every day.